HTML 4.0 Character Entity References

As of 2010, most modern browser (IE8, Firefox 3.6, Safari 5 and Chrome 5) render all these symbols correctly. That didn't used to be the case. IE6 showed a bunch of them as square boxes (indicating there is no character value for it). It would be good to test your pages using these symbols with multiple browsers.

The best way to include a symbol (shown in red in the table below) into your HTML is via the "entity" name, preceeded by an ampersand, and followed by a semi-colon. For example, the first entry in the table would be used as   in raw HTML within a Webpage, and the Copyright symbol © would be coded as © .

nbsp    no-break space = non-breaking space
iexcl¡ ¡ inverted exclamation mark, U+00A1 ISOnum
cent¢ ¢ cent sign, U+00A2 ISOnum
pound£ £ pound sign, U+00A3 ISOnum
curren¤ ¤ currency sign, U+00A4 ISOnum
yen¥ ¥ yen sign = yuan sign, U+00A5 ISOnum
brvbar¦ ¦ broken bar = broken vertical bar,
sect§ § section sign, U+00A7 ISOnum
uml¨ ¨ diaeresis = spacing diaeresis,
copy© © copyright sign, U+00A9 ISOnum
ordfª ª feminine ordinal indicator, U+00AA
laquo« « left-pointing double angle quotation
not¬ ¬ not sign, U+00AC ISOnum
shy­ ­ soft hyphen = discretionary hyphen,
reg® ® registered sign = registered trade mark
macr¯ ¯ macron = spacing macron = overline
deg° ° degree sign, U+00B0 ISOnum
plusmn± ± plus-minus sign = plus-or-minus sign,
sup2² ² superscript two = superscript digit two
sup3³ ³ superscript three = superscript digit
acute´ ´ acute accent = spacing acute,
microµ µ micro sign, U+00B5 ISOnum
para ¶ pilcrow sign = paragraph sign,
middot· · middle dot = Georgian comma
cedil¸ ¸ cedilla = spacing cedilla, U+00B8 ISOdia
sup1¹ ¹ superscript one = superscript digit one,
ordmº º masculine ordinal indicator,
raquo» » right-pointing double angle quotation
frac14¼ ¼ vulgar fraction one quarter
frac12½ ½ vulgar fraction one half
frac34¾ ¾ vulgar fraction three quarters
iquest¿ ¿ inverted question mark
AgraveÀ À latin capital letter A with grave
AacuteÁ Á latin capital letter A with acute,
Acirc  latin capital letter A with circumflex,
Atildeà à latin capital letter A with tilde,
AumlÄ Ä latin capital letter A with diaeresis,
AringÅ Å latin capital letter A with ring above
AEligÆ Æ latin capital letter AE
CcedilÇ Ç latin capital letter C with cedilla,
EgraveÈ È latin capital letter E with grave,
EacuteÉ É latin capital letter E with acute,
EcircÊ Ê latin capital letter E with circumflex,
EumlË Ë latin capital letter E with diaeresis,
IgraveÌ Ì latin capital letter I with grave,
IacuteÍ Í latin capital letter I with acute,
IcircÎ Î latin capital letter I with circumflex,
IumlÏ Ï latin capital letter I with diaeresis,
ETHÐ Ð latin capital letter ETH, U+00D0 ISOlat1
NtildeÑ Ñ latin capital letter N with tilde,
OgraveÒ Ò latin capital letter O with grave,
OacuteÓ Ó latin capital letter O with acute,
OcircÔ Ô latin capital letter O with circumflex,
OtildeÕ Õ latin capital letter O with tilde,
OumlÖ Ö latin capital letter O with diaeresis,
times× × multiplication sign, U+00D7 ISOnum
OslashØ Ø latin capital letter O with stroke
UgraveÙ Ù latin capital letter U with grave,
UacuteÚ Ú latin capital letter U with acute,
UcircÛ Û latin capital letter U with circumflex,
UumlÜ Ü latin capital letter U with diaeresis,
YacuteÝ Ý latin capital letter Y with acute,
THORNÞ Þ latin capital letter THORN,
szligß ß latin small letter sharp s = ess-zed,
agraveà à latin small letter a with grave
aacuteá á latin small letter a with acute,
acircâ â latin small letter a with circumflex,
atildeã ã latin small letter a with tilde,
aumlä ä latin small letter a with diaeresis,
aringå å latin small letter a with ring above
aeligæ æ latin small letter ae
ccedilç ç latin small letter c with cedilla,
egraveè è latin small letter e with grave,
eacuteé é latin small letter e with acute,
ecircê ê latin small letter e with circumflex,
eumlë ë latin small letter e with diaeresis,
igraveì ì latin small letter i with grave,
iacuteí í latin small letter i with acute,
icircî î latin small letter i with circumflex,
iumlï ï latin small letter i with diaeresis,
ethð ð latin small letter eth, U+00F0 ISOlat1
ntildeñ ñ latin small letter n with tilde,
ograveò ò latin small letter o with grave,
oacuteó ó latin small letter o with acute,
ocircô ô latin small letter o with circumflex,
otildeõ õ latin small letter o with tilde,
oumlö ö latin small letter o with diaeresis,
divide÷ ÷ division sign, U+00F7 ISOnum
oslashø ø latin small letter o with stroke,
ugraveù ù latin small letter u with grave,
uacuteú ú latin small letter u with acute,
ucircû û latin small letter u with circumflex,
uumlü ü latin small letter u with diaeresis,
yacuteý ý latin small letter y with acute,
thornþ þ latin small letter thorn with,
yumlÿ ÿ latin small letter y with diaeresis,
fnofƒ ƒ latin small f with hook = function
AlphaΑ Α greek capital letter alpha, U+0391
BetaΒ Β greek capital letter beta, U+0392
GammaΓ Γ greek capital letter gamma,
DeltaΔ Δ greek capital letter delta,
EpsilonΕ Ε greek capital letter epsilon, U+0395
ZetaΖ Ζ greek capital letter zeta, U+0396
EtaΗ Η greek capital letter eta, U+0397
ThetaΘ Θ greek capital letter theta,
IotaΙ Ι greek capital letter iota, U+0399
KappaΚ Κ greek capital letter kappa, U+039A
LambdaΛ Λ greek capital letter lambda,
MuΜ Μ greek capital letter mu, U+039C
NuΝ Ν greek capital letter nu, U+039D
XiΞ Ξ greek capital letter xi, U+039E
OmicronΟ Ο greek capital letter omicron, U+039F
PiΠ Π greek capital letter pi, U+03A0
RhoΡ Ρ greek capital letter rho, U+03A1
SigmaΣ Σ greek capital letter sigma,
TauΤ Τ greek capital letter tau, U+03A4
UpsilonΥ Υ greek capital letter upsilon,
PhiΦ Φ greek capital letter phi,
ChiΧ Χ greek capital letter chi, U+03A7
PsiΨ Ψ greek capital letter psi,
OmegaΩ Ω greek capital letter omega,
alphaα α greek small letter alpha,
betaβ β greek small letter beta, U+03B2
gammaγ γ greek small letter gamma,
deltaδ δ greek small letter delta,
epsilonε ε greek small letter epsilon,
zetaζ ζ greek small letter zeta, U+03B6
etaη η greek small letter eta, U+03B7 ISOgrk3
thetaθ θ greek small letter theta,
iotaι ι greek small letter iota, U+03B9
kappaκ κ greek small letter kappa,
lambdaλ λ greek small letter lambda,
muμ μ greek small letter mu, U+03BC ISOgrk3
nuν ν greek small letter nu, U+03BD ISOgrk3
xiξ ξ greek small letter xi, U+03BE ISOgrk3
omicronο ο greek small letter omicron, U+03BF NEW
piπ π greek small letter pi, U+03C0 ISOgrk3
rhoρ ρ greek small letter rho, U+03C1 ISOgrk3
sigmafς ς greek small letter final sigma,
sigmaσ σ greek small letter sigma,
tauτ τ greek small letter tau, U+03C4 ISOgrk3
upsilonυ υ greek small letter upsilon,
phiφ φ greek small letter phi, U+03C6 ISOgrk3
chiχ χ greek small letter chi, U+03C7 ISOgrk3
psiψ ψ greek small letter psi, U+03C8 ISOgrk3
omegaω ω greek small letter omega,
thetasymϑ ϑ greek small letter theta symbol,
upsihϒ ϒ greek upsilon with hook symbol,
pivϖ ϖ greek pi symbol, U+03D6 ISOgrk3
bull • bullet = black small circle,
hellip … horizontal ellipsis = three dot
prime ′ prime = minutes = feet, U+2032
Prime ″ double prime = seconds = inches,
oline ‾ overline = spacing overscore,
frasl ⁄ fraction slash, U+2044 NEW
weierp ℘ script capital P = power set
image ℑ blackletter capital I = imaginary
real ℜ blackletter capital R = real part
trade ™ trade mark sign, U+2122 ISOnum
alefsym ℵ alef symbol = first transfinite
larr ← leftwards arrow, U+2190 ISOnum
uarr ↑ upwards arrow, U+2191 ISOnum
rarr → rightwards arrow, U+2192 ISOnum
darr ↓ downwards arrow, U+2193 ISOnum
harr ↔ left right arrow, U+2194 ISOamsa
crarr ↵ downwards arrow with corner leftwards
lArr ⇐ leftwards double arrow, U+21D0
uArr ⇑ upwards double arrow, U+21D1 ISOamsa
rArr ⇒ rightwards double arrow,
dArr ⇓ downwards double arrow, U+21D3
hArr ⇔ left right double arrow,
forall ∀ for all, U+2200 ISOtech
part ∂ partial differential, U+2202 ISOtech
exist ∃ there exists, U+2203 ISOtech
empty ∅ empty set = null set = diameter,
nabla ∇ nabla = backward difference,
isin ∈ element of, U+2208 ISOtech
notin ∉ not an element of, U+2209 ISOtech
ni ∋ contains as member, U+220B ISOtech
prod ∏ n-ary product = product sign,
sum ∑ n-ary sumation, U+2211 ISOamsb
minus − minus sign, U+2212 ISOtech
lowast ∗ asterisk operator, U+2217 ISOtech
radic √ square root = radical sign,
prop ∝ proportional to, U+221D ISOtech
infin ∞ infinity, U+221E ISOtech
ang ∠ angle, U+2220 ISOamso
and ∧ logical and = wedge, U+2227 ISOtech
or ∨ logical or = vee, U+2228 ISOtech
cap ∩ intersection = cap, U+2229 ISOtech
cup ∪ union = cup, U+222A ISOtech
int ∫ integral, U+222B ISOtech
there4 ∴ therefore, U+2234 ISOtech
sim ∼ tilde operator = varies with =
cong ≅ approximately equal to, U+2245
asymp ≈ almost equal to = asymptotic to,
ne ≠ not equal to, U+2260 ISOtech
equiv ≡ identical to, U+2261 ISOtech
le ≤ less-than or equal to, U+2264 ISOtech
ge ≥ greater-than or equal to,
sub ⊂ subset of, U+2282 ISOtech
sup ⊃ superset of, U+2283 ISOtech
nsub ⊄ not a subset of, U+2284 ISOamsn
sube ⊆ subset of or equal to, U+2286 ISOtech
supe ⊇ superset of or equal to,
oplus ⊕ circled plus = direct sum,
otimes ⊗ circled times = vector product,
perp ⊥ up tack = orthogonal to =
sdot ⋅ dot operator, U+22C5 ISOamsb
lceil ⌈ left ceiling = apl upstile,
rceil ⌉ right ceiling, U+2309 ISOamsc
lfloor ⌊ left floor = apl downstile,
rfloor ⌋ right floor, U+230B ISOamsc
lang 〈 left-pointing angle bracket = bra,
rang 〉 right-pointing angle bracket = ket,
loz ◊ lozenge, U+25CA ISOpub
spades ♠ black spade suit, U+2660 ISOpub
clubs ♣ black club suit = shamrock,
hearts ♥ black heart suit = valentine,
diams ♦ black diamond suit, U+2666 ISOpub
quot" " quotation mark = APL quote,
amp& & ampersand, U+0026 ISOnum
lt< &#60; less-than sign, U+003C ISOnum
gt> &#62; greater-than sign, U+003E ISOnum
OEligΠ&#338; latin capital ligature OE,
oeligœ &#339; latin small ligature oe, U+0153
ScaronŠ &#352; latin capital letter S with caron,
scaronš &#353; latin small letter s with caron,
YumlŸ &#376; latin capital letter Y with diaeresis,
circˆ &#710; modifier letter circumflex accent,
tilde˜ &#732; small tilde, U+02DC ISOdia
ensp &#8194; en space, U+2002 ISOpub
emsp &#8195; em space, U+2003 ISOpub
thinsp &#8201; thin space, U+2009 ISOpub
zwnj &#8204; zero width non-joiner,
zwj &#8205; zero width joiner, U+200D NEW RFC 2070
lrm &#8206; left-to-right mark, U+200E NEW RFC
rlm &#8207; right-to-left mark, U+200F NEW RFC
ndash &#8211; en dash, U+2013 ISOpub
mdash &#8212; em dash, U+2014 ISOpub
lsquo &#8216; left single quotation mark,
rsquo &#8217; right single quotation mark,
sbquo &#8218; single low-9 quotation mark, U+201A
ldquo &#8220; left double quotation mark,
rdquo &#8221; right double quotation mark,
bdquo &#8222; double low-9 quotation mark, U+201E
dagger &#8224; dagger, U+2020 ISOpub
Dagger &#8225; double dagger, U+2021 ISOpub
permil &#8240; per mille sign, U+2030 ISOtech
lsaquo &#8249; single left-pointing angle quotation
rsaquo &#8250; single right-pointing angle quotation
euro &#8364; euro sign, U+20AC NEW

Portions © International Organization for Standardization 1986
Permission to copy in any form is granted for use with conforming SGML systems
and applications as defined in ISO 8879, provided this notice is included in all copies.

The rest is Copyright © 2005-2010 by H Marc Lewis.

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